1. Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
In layman’s terms, Search Engine Optimization or SEO is essentially tweaking your website so that it comes up naturally or organically for search results in Google, Yahoo Bing or any other search engine.
Google updates its algorithms regularly so that only the relevant results come up. From that perspective, many experts say that SEO is dead and the effort is futile. However, the truth is that Google tries to prevent algorithm manipulation and filters sites that don’t deserve to be on the top of SERPs (Search Engine Result Pages).
So there is no doubt you should invest in SEO work. Your website should address the technicalities related to content and query matching, spidering, indexing, and interpreting non-text content.
2. Search Engine Marketing (SEM)
Search Engine Marketing or SEM is the comprehensive strategy to drive traffic to your business, primarily through paid efforts. Hence it is also called Paid Search Marketing.
The universe of SEM is diverse and complicated.Based on your business structure, you may choose PPC (pay-per-click) or CPC (cost-per-click) model, or CPM (cost-per-thousand impressions) model.
There are different platforms for SEM. By far, Google AdWords (on Google Network) and Bing Ads (on Yahoo Bing Network) are the most popular.
SEM also includes Display Advertising, Search Retargeting & Site Remarketing, Mobile Marketing and Paid Social Advertising.
You may choose a single-point strategy like PPC, or go for a complete SEM strategy, including Display and Retargeting.But whatever you do, make sure your work is managed by experts as wrong planning may make your costs go haywire.
3. Social Media Marketing (SMM)
Social Media Marketing or SMM is an offshoot of your SEM efforts. It involves driving traffic to your sites or business through social sites like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Pinterest, Google+, Linkedin, etc.
As we mentioned above, good content is shared and liked.So create and customize content for different social media platforms. Remember to be prolific and original; you need to engage with users on a daily basis, at least four to five times a day. Your SMM efforts can be especially helpful for branding and driving sales.
5. Digital Display Advertising(Paid Google Ads)
This again is a subset of your SEM efforts. You may use a variety of display advertising formats to target potential audience - be it text, image, banner, rich-media, interactive or video ads.
You can customise your message based on interests, content topics, or the position of the customer in the buying cycle.
However, note that Digital Display Advertising is relatively costly. You need experts to drive good ROI for your business.
6. Retargeting and Remarketing
Essentially, Retargeting or Remarketing is a strategy to target customers who have already visited your website. It is based on cookie technology.
Retargeting has emerged as a preferred strategy as you target customers who have already shown interest in your business; and hence the conversion rate is high.
You may engage in Retargeting on your site, or on social network or on the mobile. Visualise your strategies based on the customers' buying cycle.
7. Mobile Marketing
According to a report, Mobile Marketing will be worth $400 billion by 2015 in the US alone.
We strongly recommend you try out Mobile Marketing. Remember, the website, apps and content should be customized for mobile devices.
By 2016, mobile devices are expected to reach 2.6 billion units worldwide. So as more people use smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices, the potential of mobile market continues to grow.
8. Interactive Marketing
Make sure your advertising strategy engages the potential customer in a conversation.
According to a survey by ExpoTV.com, 55 percent respondents preferred to have ongoing communications with the companies they buy from; and 89 percent felt more loyal to the companies if they were invited to provide feedback.
Use tools like widgets and opt-in features to make your website interactive, solicit feedback and track user behaviour.
Engage with the customers actively and customize offers based on their preferences and browsing activities.
9. Viral Marketing
Viral Marketing is a strategy where a unique content spreads exponentially online, because the content is appreciated, shared and liked immensely.
This is a great way to brand and drive traffic to your website.The content can take any format; all you need is to be creative.
10. Email Marketing
When you send a commercial message through email to a list of potential customers, the strategy is called Email Marketing.
With an effective email marketing software, you can maintain email lists that are segregated based on several factors, including customers’ likes and dislikes, and spending habits. Remember to send personalized emails; this helps to develop trust.
However, note that Email Marketing may also be considered as spamming and there are laws against it in some countries.
11. Affiliate Marketing
Affiliate Marketing is a performance-based marketing program, where you pay publishers who bring you customers. The performance may be based on conversions - promotions, leads or simply sales.
You may like to be part of the affiliate programs of different publishers. Essentially, the publishers will give you space in their pages to advertise your business and help you drive conversions; and you will pay them based on the compensation model.
You may avail the help from an Affiliate Network, which will give you a large base of publishers, and other benefits like tracking and reporting technology.
Affiliate Marketing is especially useful for startups, as it will bring in more traffic to their business through high-traffic sites.
In essence, Affiliate Marketing is a win-win situation for both the merchants and publishers.
Sites like Amazon, eBay, LinkShare and Flipkart run Affiliate Programs. In fact, most online businesses with appreciable traffic have their own affiliate programs.
12. Paid SMM ( Social Media Marketing)
It's essential to have paid likes, followers, views on your social media to attract targeted odiance to your content and services or products
The agency works with different partners and buys relevant space and ideas. This is called Media Buying.
In essence, Media Buying and Planning entails all the strategies that we have discussed above.